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The spleen is the organ that is responsible for both the storage and purification of red blood cells. It is positioned in the left upper abdomen, and is the largest organ of the lymphatic system. The spleen serves a critical role in immune function because it purifies the blood and helps the immune system to recognize and attack foreign pathogens and allergens.
The condition known as splenomegaly exists when the spleen becomes enlarged due to disease. When this occurs the spleen can ultimately rupture and cause additional damage. Splenomegaly has been associated with the following diseases: mononucleosis, sickle cell disease, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and cancer. The surgical procedure splenectomy is often needed to remove an enlarged or injured spleen.
A computerized tomography (CT) scan combines a series of X-ray images taken from different angles and uses computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the inside of your body. CT scan images provide more detailed information than plain X-rays do.
Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs inside the abdomen. It is a low-risk, minimally invasive procedure where only small incisions are made. This procedure allows our doctors to see inside your body in real time, without open surgery.
With the advent of minimally invasive techniques, laparoscopic splenectomy has become a standard procedure for elective removal of the spleen for most indications